This course introduces students to computer science. Students will
design software independently and as part of a team, using industry-standard
programming tools and applying the software development life-cycle model. They
will also write and use subprograms within computer programs. Students will
develop creative solutions for various types of problems as their understanding
of the computing environment grows. They will also explore environmental and
ergonomic issues, emerging research in computer science, and global career
trends in computer-related fields.
This course provides students with opportunities to develop their
musical literacy through the creation, appreciation, analysis, and performance
of music, including traditional, commercial, and art music. Students will apply
the creative process when performing appropriate technical exercises and
repertoire and will employ the critical analysis processes when reflecting on,
responding to, and analysing live and recorded performances. Students will
consider the function of music in society and the impact of music on
individuals and communities. They will explore how to apply skills developed in
music to their life and careers.
This course enables students to further develop their knowledge and
skills in visual arts. Students will use the creative process to explore a wide
range of themes through studio work that may include drawing, painting,
sculpting, and printmaking, as well as the creation of collage, multimedia
works, and works using emerging technologies. Students will use the critical
analysis process when evaluating their own work and the work of others. The
course may be delivered as a comprehensive program or through a program focused
on a particular art form (e.g., photography, video, computer graphics,
This course develops
students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore
kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces;
energy transformations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity
and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they
test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships
between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological
applications of physics on society and the environment.
This course enables
students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the
properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative
relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry
and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical
skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter,
as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the
This course furthers
students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems.
Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of
biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of
animals; and the anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on
the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine
skills related to scientific investigation.
This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; investigate inverse functions; and develop facility in determining equivalent algebraic expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.
course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and
creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life.
Students will analyse challenging
literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures, as well as a
range of informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media
texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using language with
precision and clarity and incorporating stylistic devices appropriately and
effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory
Grade 12 university or college preparation course.