This course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills in
computer science. Students will use modular design principles to create complex
and fully documented programs, according to industry standards. Student teams
will manage a large software development project, from planning through to
project review. Students will also analyse algorithms for effectiveness. They
will investigate ethical issues in computing and further explore environmental
issues, emerging technologies, areas of research in computer science, and
careers in the field.
This course enables
students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology,
chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to
technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will
develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students
will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations
related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the
properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its
properties and components; and the principles of electricity.
This course enables
students to consolidate, and continue to develop, an understanding of
mathematical concepts related to number sense and operations, algebra,
measurement, geometry, data, probability, and financial literacy. Students will
use mathematical processes, mathematical modelling, and coding to make sense of
the mathematics they are learning and to apply their understanding to
culturally responsive and relevant real-world situations. Students will
continue to enhance their mathematical reasoning skills, including proportional
reasoning, spatial reasoning, and algebraic reasoning, as they solve problems
and communicate their thinking.
This course is designed to develop the oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 academic English course, which leads to university or college preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12.
course introduces students to the world of business. Students will develop an
understanding of the functions of business, including accounting, marketing,
information and communication technology, human resources, and production, and
of the importance of ethics and social responsibility. This course builds a
foundation for further studies in business and helps students develop the
business knowledge and skills they will need in their everyday lives.
course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and
human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of
the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic
issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, and
urban development. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and
the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate
various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada
a more sustainable place in which to live.